Contrary to popular belief, cardiac arrest (or sudden cardiac death) often occurs after the age of 45. However, in patients with pre-existing cardiovascular risk factors, and with other cardiovascular risk factors, drug use and psychiatric history, MD can occur. heart in youth.
Heart disease in young people
It is noted that most sudden cardiac diseases in young people occur in healthy people, and are rarely accompanied by risk factors leading to sudden death. But few studies have addressed this question in depth. They studied all cases of cardiac arrest in patients between the ages of 2 and 45 years. Among the 2937 cases of cardiac arrest. 608 cases had a clear aetiology. Other cases are due to causes such as severe trauma, suicide, road accidents, homicide, overdose, drowning, acute non-cardiac chronic disease, or cardiovascular disease. Of the 608 cases of heart disease, 19.7% survived. Of the 608 cardiac arrest cases studied, 40% were attributed to coronary artery disease, 28.6% to structural heart muscle disease, 16.1% to sudden unexplained death, and 2.5% to other cardiac causes. A total of 140 cases (23.0%) were due to possible hereditary heart diseases (dilated cardiomyopathy, arrhythmic right ventricular cardiomyopathy, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, sudden unexplained death), while 52.8% of cases were attributable to To acquired heart diseases such as coronary artery disease. arterial disease, sarcoidosis, myocarditis, congestive heart failure, and cardiomyopathy due to high blood pressure or valvular disease, however, “although some cases of cardiac arrest had toxic levels of drugs and drugs detected postmortem, toxicologists and valvular specialists agreed Cardiology states that the cause of death of these individuals was primarily due to a cardiac etiology, and significant or toxic levels of drugs were considered as a contributing, but not a major cause. In people who have previously been diagnosed with conditions known to be associated with the disease.
Symptoms of heart disease
There are many symptoms of heart disease and their severity varies from one patient to another and according to the type of disease that affects the heart. Among the heart diseases that cardiologists usually treat, we find:
It results when there is an imbalance between the heart’s ability to pump blood and the body’s needs. In this case, the heart may fail because its ability to respond is not enough to satisfy what the body is asking of it.
Symptoms of heart failure
- Abnormal fatigue and shortness of breath on exertion.
- Difficulty breathing while lying down.
- Poor endurance to exercise.
- fluid retention
High blood pressure or high blood pressure
This disease increases the risk of having a heart attack. It is caused by narrowing of the small arteries, called arterioles, which are responsible for regulating blood flow. As they get smaller, the heart has to work harder than it can do its job, causing pressure in the blood vessels.
The presence of cholesterol seriously harms your health. Eating a well-balanced diet and exercising regularly helps in regulating cholesterol levels. To diagnose this disease, a blood test must be performed to determine total cholesterol and “bad” cholesterol, as it does not result in symptoms, especially in heart disease in young people, until the repercussions appear at the level of blood vessels and the heart.
It could be due to a blocked artery. This leads to a drop in oxygen to the heart cells, causing them to die and destroy part of the heart muscle.
Symptoms of myocardial infarction
One of the most characteristic symptoms of myocardial infarction is acute chest pain.
When the necessary blood does not flow into the heart, angina pectoris occurs. This is due to blockage of the coronary arteries.
Symptoms of angina
The main symptom in this disease is that the patient suffering from it develops severe pressure on the chest.
heart rhythm disturbances
These disorders consist of altering the frequency or regularity of a person’s normal pulse. This situation can become quite frequent, however, this does not mean that the person suffers from cardiovascular disease. Depending on the degree and type of arrhythmia, there will be a disease or not. Arrhythmias are usually the result of underlying cardiovascular disease, which is why early detection and evaluation by a cardiologist is crucial when it comes to detecting and treating the disease.
Everyday situations can make your heart rate slower or faster. Monitoring these changes will help the patient to detect the disease if there is one.
Symptoms of heart disease in women
The symptoms of heart disease in women differ from the symptoms of heart disease in men, so that they often do not show symptoms in women. Among the most common symptoms of heart disease in women are:
- Discomfort in the neck, jaw, shoulders, upper back, or abdomen
- shortness of breath
- Pain in one or both arms
- Nausea or vomiting
- dizziness or lightheadedness;
- unusual tiredness
Women tend to have symptoms more often when resting or even sleeping than men and of heart disease in young adults. Emotional stress can play a role in triggering heart attack symptoms in women.
Because women don’t always recognize the symptoms of a heart attack, they tend to show up in emergency rooms after heart damage has occurred. Also, because their symptoms often differ from those of men, women may be diagnosed with heart disease less often than men.
Symptoms of heart disease in children
The symptoms of heart disease in children are most often from birth, and these are what are described as symptoms of early heart disease. One out of every 100 children is born with a heart defect. They can lead to abnormal formation of the walls of the heart, heart valves, or blood vessels that enter or leave the heart. The term congenital heart disease refers to a change in the structure or function of the heart present at birth, which usually shows the first symptoms early on. However, in some cases, it is discovered later, during childhood, adolescence, or even adulthood. Complex congenital heart diseases can always be diagnosed during pregnancy and are very serious problems. Congenital heart diseases are simple or complex malformations of the cardiovascular system (the heart and large blood vessels). Heart disease is simple when the deformity relates to a septal defect (atrial defect, interventricular defect, pottaloo canal) or valve deformity. The cause of congenital heart disease is not fully known although some abnormalities can be caused by changes in small parts of chromosomes. They are called congenital because they are already present in intrauterine life. The root of all heart diseases is a defect in the formation and development of the heart during fetal and fetal life, between the second and ninth week of pregnancy. These abnormalities are, for the most part, tolerated well during fetal life and begin to cause problems after birth. Thanks to recent medical advances, it is possible to diagnose during fetal life using a simple fetal echocardiogram. The most common congenital heart diseases in infants and children are:
- atrial defect
- Patent ductus arteriosus
- pulmonary stenosis
There are heart diseases whose symptoms do not appear for months or years. Some heart conditions must be promptly diagnosed, treated and operated on in the neonatal period. For others, after a newborn diagnosis, it’s helpful to wait a few weeks (or a few months) before surgery in order to get the best results. In any case, it is good to have the surgery early, during the fourth and sixth year of life, to allow the child to be fully integrated into daily life.
The reality of the underlying causes of heart disease in young adults is complex, and that it occurs most often in people who have already been diagnosed with cardiovascular disease before, and is also associated with other contributing factors such as prescription drugs, drug abuse and psychological distress.