Symptoms of mild autism

Symptoms of mild autism

Symptoms of mild autism It is not a correct diagnosis used in medicine. However, it is a very common expression, even among health professionals, to refer to a person who has autism but manages to carry out almost all daily activities, such as carrying out normal conversation, reading, writing, and taking care of other basics of care independently. , such as eating and dressing for example.

What is autism disorder?

It is difficult to give a single definition of the concept of “ASD”. The classifications that are made are constantly changing, and more often than not, the information in the various sources points to classic autism. However, there is a whole host of disorders of varying severity that are included in what is called “ASD”. Autism is a group of disorders characterized by severe, lasting, and profound developmental deficits that affect socialization, communication, imagination, and behavior, among other things. The incidence is about 60 cases per 10,000 children. Autism is a group of disorders characterized by severe developmental deficiencies. They affect socialization, planning, and emotional reciprocity, and sometimes cause repetitive or unusual behaviors.

The term ASD was first used by Lorna Wing, who stated in 1988 that people on the spectrum are those who:

  1. – Disorder in social recognition abilities.
  2. – Disorder in social communication skills.
  3. – Repetitive activity patterns, tendency to routine, and difficulties in social imagination.

In view of the high prevalence of autism cases, it allows monitoring and evaluation of early detection strategies for early treatment and obtaining better results. Its origin lies in a defect in neural connections often attributed to genetic mutations. However, this genetic component is not always present, as it has been observed that the disorders experienced by a person with autism can have different factors, as the participation of several risk factors working together has been described. The degree of severity of autism varies greatly. More severe cases are characterized by a lifelong complete absence of speech and highly repetitive, unusual, self-injurious, and aggressive behaviors. This behavior can last for a long time and is difficult to change. Thus, it becomes a great challenge for those who must treat and educate these people. Milder forms of autism can be almost unnoticed and are often mistaken for shyness, inattention, and crankiness.

Symptoms of autism

Symptoms of autism
Symptoms of autism

To date, one of the biggest difficulties physicians face is the frequent delay in diagnosis. Although there is increasing awareness on the part of clinicians and society in general, that there are some factors that make early diagnosis difficult, such as the individual variability of each child, variance throughout development, and doctors’ fear of being wrong (they are normal-seen in children and some children even have hypertrophic abilities) and the absence of harmonic diagnostic criteria for very young children (under three years of age). In addition, many pediatric professionals do not have specialized training in these traits and require greater knowledge of diagnostic tools. We will talk about some of the early signs that can lead to suspicion of the diagnosis in this article.

Symptoms of autism in infants Symptoms of autism

Babies are already born with some abilities. They like to look at faces, imitate, and have a certain motor synchronization and screaming that communicates what is happening to them. Toddlers are said to be “communicative and social by nature. Babies as early as nine months can follow their mother’s gaze. At these early ages, some symptoms of autism are already present in infants Older ones are poor eye contact, a decrease in eye contact, smiling is rare, and they don’t respond.” to their name, and there is no visual following… They are often ‘very quiet’, ‘not demanding’ children. Later on, signs appear such as not imitating or coding (feeding the parents, dolling them, putting them to sleep…), lack of interest Shared (enjoying, for example, reading a story with mom or dad), absent playing with others (sharing with other children) or devoting certain looks to people These are early deficits that persist over time, possibly because they are associated with impairments in social learning.

Symptoms of autism in children Between 18 and 36 months

Symptoms of autism in children
Symptoms of autism in children

Symptoms of autism in children Between 18 and 36 months of age, signs such as:

  • Apparent deafness, does not respond to calls or directions. He seems to hear some things but not others.
  • He does not chase family members around the house or raise his arms when he is in bed to be picked up. He seems to be ignoring us.
  • When he is taken from the crib or playpen, he is not smiling or happy to see the adult.
  • He does not point his finger and looks at the adult to check that he is also looking where he is pointing.
  • Don’t point fingers to share experiences or ask questions.
  • He has difficulties making eye contact, he never does, and when he looks there are times he seems to be “looking right through”, as if there is nothing in front of him.
  • He doesn’t look at people or what they do.
  • When he falls, he does not cry or seek comfort.
  • Overly independent.
  • Reacts disproportionately to certain stimuli (extremely sensitive to certain sounds or textures).
  • He does not react when called by name.
  • Prefers to play alone.
  • not say goodbye.
  • He doesn’t know how to play with toys.

What are the symptoms of autism From 36 months?

We answer the question What are the symptoms of autism? Below :

  • He tends to ignore children his age, and does not play with or seek interaction with them.
  • Displays repetitive play and uses objects and toys inappropriately, such as constantly rotating objects, playing with pieces of paper
  • in front of the eyes, and aligning objects.
  • May present stereotypical or repetitive movements such as flapping with hands, jumping, rocking, and tiptoe walking.
  • Absence of language, or this is repetitive and apparently meaningless, with an inappropriate tone of voice. He doesn’t say things he used to say.
  • There is no imitation.
  • Avoid looking and calling.
  • You seem comfortable when you’re alone and find it difficult to accept changes in your routine.
  • He has an unusual attachment to certain things.
  • Lots of tantrums.
  • It is in their world.

In the event that one of the following symptoms appears, it is necessary to consult a specialist, because in this case it is not. Symptoms of mild autism:

  • Doesn’t babble or make gesture interactions by 12 months.
  • Not saying isolated words at 16 months of age.
  • Doesn’t say complete sentences with a 24 month old.
  • Any decline or loss of acquired skills at any age.

Symptoms of autism in adults

Symptoms of autism in adults
Symptoms of autism in adults

Autism is a lifelong condition that affects 1.1% of the adult population and is characterized by difficulty with social interaction and communication with rigid and repetitive behaviours. Although autism is diagnosed in childhood in some people, for every three known cases, two more are undiagnosed. In 4 out of 5 adults with autism, the diagnosis is difficult or even impossible, even though they may show all the characteristic symptoms.

It is difficult to identify the symptoms of autism in adults, as it can be confused with depression, personality disorders or psychosis. Lack of diagnosis leads to inappropriate treatments and frequent referrals, especially in adults with autism and IQs >70, and many patients experience socioeconomic exclusion.

Treating the symptoms of mild autism is not always necessary, but it can be done through psychotherapy and speech therapy, for example, helping an autistic child develop and interact better with others, making life easier. In addition, diet is also very important for the treatment of autism, because in some cases a diet free of gluten and casein can help improve symptoms, and it is important for the child to be evaluated by a nutritionist.

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